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NVC Learning Tools
NVC Learning Tools

Observation, Feelings, Needs, and Requests (OFNR) Communication Components

Observation, Feelings, Needs, and Requests (OFNR) Communication Components

Media type:

Learning Tool

Time Investment:

2 - 3 minutes

Date Published:


Observation is the awareness of our sensory perceptions and thoughts, separate from evaluations and judgments. Feeling involves bodily sensations and emotions, distinct from "faux feelings" that mix thought and emotion. Needs encompass universal human requirements for survival and wellness, while thoughts and evaluations express needs. Requests are rooted in connection and invite true willingness, rather than demanding compliance.

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